GND ekran görüntüsü

Birleşik Otorite Dosyası (AlmancaGemeinsame Normdatei, also known as: Integrated Authority File) kısaca GND, uluslararası otorite dosyası. GND Alman Ulusal Kütüphanesi tarafında Almanca konuşan Avrupa ülkeleri ve partnerleri ile beraber yönetilmektedir. GND Creative Commons Sıfır (CC0) ile yayınlanmıştır.[1]

The GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It also comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format.[2]

The Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files which have since been discontinued:

  • Name Authority File (German: Personennamendatei; PND)
  • Corporate Bodies Authority File (German: Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei; GKD)
  • Subject Headings Authority File (German: Schlagwortnormdatei; SWD)
  • Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv (German: Einheitssachtitel-Datei des Deutschen Musikarchivs; DMA-EST)

At the time of its introduction ("GND-Grundbestand" from 5 April 2012), the GND holds 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalized names.

Other authority files are: Library of Congress Name Authority File (LCNAF) by the Library of Congress, Web NDL Authorities by the National Diet Library (Japan), LIBRIS by the National Library of Sweden, and the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF).

Types of GND high-level entities[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

There are seven main types of GND entities:[3]

Typ German (official) English (translation)
p Person (individualisiert) person (individualized)
n Name (nicht individualisiert) name (not individualized)
k Körperschaft corporate body
v Veranstaltung event
w Werk work
s Sachbegriff topical term
g Geografikum geographical place name

Kaynakça[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

Dış bağlantılar[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]